Despite a mintage of 340,330 coins, the 1844 $5 Gold Liberty is moderately rare in all grades. Most known examples are significantly worn and AU or uncirculated examples are surprisingly rare. There are only 4 other 1844s in this grade and 1 graded higher as an MS65 by PCGS.
Once the bill is confirmed, there is speculation about what coins the mint will actually produce. They could strike proof and uncirculated Morgan Silver Dollars at Philadelphia, Denver, and San Francisco. In addition, there may be marks added to commemorate the New Orleans and Carson City Mints where coins are no longer minted. The Peace Dollar is also apart of this bill and there is a high relief coin expected to be minted out of Philadelphia.
Initially, there were only 14,485 of these coins when they were originally minted. However, there are approximately only 100 or so survivors left in all grades combined. Despite the rarity of this date, it is relatively common when compared to other half eagles from the 1820s. In fact, it is the most available date between 1821 and 1829.
This variety is known as the Large 8, 13 stars reverse. As you can see, the 8 appears larger than the rest of the numbers. If one looks at the reverse, they will find 13 stars, which is expected on these coins. However, there is also a 14-star variation. These stars were not meant to represent the states, as there were already 15 states at this time. Simply, the engraver added an additional star by accident when creating the die. So, with a mintage of 24,867, the Large 8, 13-star reverse is the more common variety. Typically, one sees this coin available in VF grades with uncirculated examples only being occasionally available.
On the other hand, the gold eagle will only have a mintage of 1,945. This of course is symbolic of the year that World War II ended. However, this is also the lowest mintage of any U.S. Mint numismatic product ever. This extremely low mintage combined with the fact that this is the final coin of the final year of this design means that this coin will sell out within mere seconds. The best bet with an item like this is to try to place an order online. It is possible that a portion of the coins could be allocated to telephone sales, but there is no guarantee. In addition, with the current pandemic, there would be no phone sales. However, that could change by the time this coin is released.