Despite a mintage of 340,330 coins, the 1844 $5 Gold Liberty is moderately rare in all grades. Most known examples are significantly worn and AU or uncirculated examples are surprisingly rare. There are only 4 other 1844s in this grade and 1 graded higher as an MS65 by PCGS.
Once the bill is confirmed, there is speculation about what coins the mint will actually produce. They could strike proof and uncirculated Morgan Silver Dollars at Philadelphia, Denver, and San Francisco. In addition, there may be marks added to commemorate the New Orleans and Carson City Mints where coins are no longer minted. The Peace Dollar is also apart of this bill and there is a high relief coin expected to be minted out of Philadelphia.
He was emperor during some very trying times including the cataclysmic eruption of Vesuvius, which buried half the towns of the Bay of Naples, including Pompeii in 79 AD and a fire in Rome in 80 AD. He was described as handsome, charming and generous. Titus once complained that he had lost a day because twenty-four hours passed without his bestowing a gift. He was, however, generous to a fault, which depleted the treasury. If he had ruled longer, he might have brought the empire to bankruptcy and lost his popularity. He died of illness in 81 A.D., succeeded by his brother Domitian.
Initially, there were only 14,485 of these coins when they were originally minted. However, there are approximately only 100 or so survivors left in all grades combined. Despite the rarity of this date, it is relatively common when compared to other half eagles from the 1820s. In fact, it is the most available date between 1821 and 1829.
This variety is known as the Large 8, 13 stars reverse. As you can see, the 8 appears larger than the rest of the numbers. If one looks at the reverse, they will find 13 stars, which is expected on these coins. However, there is also a 14-star variation. These stars were not meant to represent the states, as there were already 15 states at this time. Simply, the engraver added an additional star by accident when creating the die. So, with a mintage of 24,867, the Large 8, 13-star reverse is the more common variety. Typically, one sees this coin available in VF grades with uncirculated examples only being occasionally available.